Welcome to LUAS!
The Llano Uplift Archeological Society (LUAS) was organized by people who are interested in the protection, conservation, and study of historic and prehistoric materials and sites in the Llano Uplift and adjacent areas of the Texas Hill Country. The Llano Uplift, also known as the “Central Mineral Region,” is a unique geological area of the state composed of primarily granite, gneiss, and schist.
The organization’s primary goals include educating membership, students, and the public, and supporting other groups, researchers, and educators with similar interests. Stewardship of the LCRA’s Nightengale Archaeological Center (NAC) is a major responsibility of LUAS.
LUAS meetings are free and open to the public. LUAS meets at 7:00 P.M. on the second Tuesday of every month except June and December at the NAC. Most meetings feature a speaker from Central Texas with expertise in archaeology, history, geology, or other related subject.
LUAS mailing address: P. O. Box 302 Kingsland, TX 78639
Title: Prehistoric Punch Technology in Texas: Experimentation, Observations and Analytical Implications A recent review of collections and literature from Texas prehistoric sites reveals antler artifacts variously referred to as punches, drifts, and antler cylinders. These artifacts are often interpreted as tools for indirect percussion knapping. This paper reports the results of flintkapping experiments conducted with replicas of these artifacts for biface manufacture using the indirect percussion technique. The results are compared to direct percussion biface experiments examining both bifaces and debitage. This study reviews the spatial and temporal context of these antler artifacts across Texas as well as their form and function. A summary of the experimental results proposes possible use techniques, presents use-wear comparisons of the archeological specimens and replicas, and provides initial qualitative and quantitative analyses. The conclusion presents preliminary interpretations of these antler artifacts and provides a basis for future research.